Paulding County OSU Extension 2nd Quarter Highlights
A summary of the Paulding County Extension Office Events from April to June 2014.
Agriculture and Natural Resources
Began the first year of the Statewide Survey of Yield-Limiting Factors in Ohio Soybean Production research in Paulding County. Research protocol includes identifying fields with normal and low yielding areas and collecting geo-referenced data and practices that contribute to the yield differences. Data analyzed are zone soil samples for nutrients and nematodes, plant tissue, farm history of practices and grain samples. Yields will be harvested with combines equipped with GPS yield monitors and geo-spatial analyzed. Nearly 70 field locations are being researched again in 2014 to break yield barriers in Ohio soybean yields.
The Western Bean Cutworm is a relatively new insect pest for Ohio corn growers. A monitoring/scouting project began mid-June with local farmers and agri-businesses. The first WBC moth caught in 2014 was caught July 4th marking the beginning of moth flight. WBC traps will be monitored weekly and adjacent corn fields scouted for egg masses and larvae damage to corn ears. Control options include rescue insecticide treatments or planting transgenic traited corn specifically for WBC. WBC moth catches have been steadily increasing since 2008 with northwest Ohio a “hot spot” of activity.
The National Women in Agriculture Conference was attended and training was received to further educate and/or offer programs. Noggle will provide leadership to programs for the farm community, such as “Women in Agriculture” and “Annie’s Project”. These programs address risk management and the aspects of the physical, emotional, and financial health of the women involved in farming and other agriculture-related businesses. Paulding County will be the home of these programs locally and also Northwest Ohio.
The Paulding County Master Gardener Volunteers hosted a plant sale in May. They offered education and advice on the use and installation of the plants. Funds raised by MG events support the community service projects throughout the county. The live Hotline was also incorporated into the Senior Day at the Paulding County Fair. Senior Citizens had the opportunity to ask horticultural questions live and were also given free herbs to grow. MGVs have landscaped at the Reservoir Park in Paulding, Manor House in Payne and Antwerp, Blue Building at the Fairgrounds as well as maintain areas started in previous years as a dedication to community service. A education day and plant swap was attended by Master Gardeners at Raker Greenhouses in Litchfield, Michigan.
A co-curricular event was hosted by Master Gardeners and 4-H Cloverbuds teaching about the importance of life cycles especially the existence of butterflies, flowers and the environment.
Speaking and Teaching! The ANR Educator is invited to teach and support a variety of groups and organizations. Topics include current agricultural practices and issues as well as horticulture and natural resources. Invited programs this quarter:
* The Well Community Garden – Paulding – “How does your garden grow?”
* Midwest Cover Crops Council—National Meeting—Warsaw, IN—”The new and emerging cover crops.”
* Ohio Farmers Union of Paulding and Defiance County — “Extension Office Welcome and Outlook in Agriculture and Natural Resources.”
* Manor House – Antwerp “Adding herbs to your garden and kitchen”
* State FFA Proficiency Judging — Columbus, OH—Research and Technologies Areas, Organic Livestock and Crops.
The 2014 class of Master Gardeners have completed their 50 hours of horticultural training. Two intern Master Gardeners each volunteer 50 hours of community service to become certified. Master Gardeners answered over 80 phone calls or personal visits made to the OSU Extension office from residents seeking horticultural information and recommendations from April to June.
Research is being conducted based upon using dairy manure as a fertilizer source for corn and/or corn silage. The Manure Nutrient Research is being conducted based upon using dairy manure as a fertilizer source for corn and/or corn silage. The Manure Nutrient Boom is a new technology being developed to apply dairy manure to standing corn in the tasseling stage. The application of manure to a growing corn crop can expand the manure application window for livestock producers while improving corn and silage yields. The boom applicator applies approximately 350 gallons per minute and covers 48 rows of corn with each pass. The boom is pulled across the field using a Cadman hard hose system. A frac tank allows manure to be delivered to the field from semi-tankers and the pumps on the frac tank can supply manure for two nutrient booms running at the same time. This a part of a grant from the Ohio Dairy Research Fund and the Ohio Corn Marketing Program.
C.O.R.N. is a summary of crop observations, related information, and appropriate recommendations for Ohio Crop Producers and Industry. C.O.R.N. is produced by the Ohio State University Extension Agronomy Team, State Specialists at The Ohio State University and Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. C.O.R.N. Questions are directed to State Specialists, Extension Associates, and Agents associated with Ohio State University Extension and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center at The Ohio State University. The goal of the C.O.R.N. newsletter is to provide Ohio’s crop industry with the quickest, most accurate information to deal with changing crop conditions. C.O.R.N. is produced through a weekly telephone conference and sent via website to hundreds of Ohio farmers and input industry personnel. C.O.R.N. contest is the basis for newsletters and other mass media efforts in Extension. In one way or another, almost every crop producer in Ohio has been exposed to information in this newsletter. This spring topics introduced from Paulding County include Pythium in Soybeans, Floppy Corn Syndrome, and PPO resistant weeds.
During April, May, and June, more than 150 phone calls and/or personal visits were made to the county agriculture/natural resources educator in addition to the Master Garden Volunteer Hotline. These calls were requesting information on crop and livestock production, horticulture, pond management and/or farm management.
4-H Youth Development
4-H Still Project Judging
4-H Project evaluation took place during the 2014 Paulding County Fair. There were over 239 still projects that were taken out of the entire 4-H membership of 352. The still project topics range from cooking, small engines to companion animals. The youth complete a project book and are evaluated on their project knowledge and display during judging. The judging process enables youth to experience a formal interview to help them gain confidence and self-esteem for future interviews they will experience as they enter adulthood. There were over 30 volunteers from the community that volunteered their time to be judges for the various still project categories.
A bi-monthly 4-H newsletter is sent out to all 4-H families and volunteers totaling over 250 newsletters. The May/June newsletter featured the 22 graduating seniors from the Paulding County 4-H Program. The newsletter also is posted to the website and emailed to each member to ensure that information is adequately disbursed among the 4-H membership.
Paulding County 4-H Program Facebook
The Facebook page serves as an additional source of information to spread the awareness of 4-H in Paulding County. Throughout fair week, photos were posted of youth taking part in still project judging and the various livestock shows and activities during the fair.
United Way of Paulding County Grant
A grant was written to the United Way of Paulding County for 4-H Camp Scholarships. The expense of sending a youth to 4-H camp is rising like the cost of living. This grant helps to provide scholarship moneys for 4-H youth to attend at a discounted rate. This grant was secured this year for Paulding County 4-H Camp, which will receive $2000 to help with scholarships in 2015.
All livestock exhibitors must complete Skill-A-Thon in order to exhibit at the fair. This large event is made possible with over 35 adult volunteers that serve as judges and station facilitators. Each youth is tested on their knowledge about their animal(s) they plan to exhibit at the fair. The animal stations consist of parts, breeds, and medication label identification. Then the youth is interviewed by a judge, who reviews their record book with them and gives them a score based on stations, record book and proper dress.
Preparations for the county fair began in early October and continue to the start of the fair. There are many hours spent organizing events and judging during the fair. The judges for livestock shows are hired in early March. I contact volunteers to help with Quality Assurance, Skill-A-Thon and judging throughout fair week. I also conduct ring book training with the Jr. Fairboard to ensure results are written properly. In addition, I work cooperatively with the Sr. Fairboard to serve as a resource for them during the fair and livestock shows.
4-H Camp Preparation
Paulding County youth will be attending 4-H Camp to be held July 9-13 at 4-H Camp Palmer. The purpose of 4-H Camp allows youth to develop and express themselves in a stable and safe environment. The youth take part in leadership activities, as well as, teambuilding exercises to learn to work together to accomplish a variety of different tasks. The 4-H camping program challenges them to go outside their comfort zones and try new things such as canoeing and zip line.
Ohio Wildlife Presentation
Over 35 second graders from Grover Hill elementary enjoyed a PowerPoint presentation about Ohio Wildlife in late April. The presentation featured specific animal sounds and animal traits. I incorporated technology into my program by utilizing Turning Point Technology clickers. The students really enjoyed this interactive way of learning about the wildlife native to Ohio. The presentation allowed for students to get a better understanding of Ohio wildlife as they chose their animals for their end of year project. The presentation ended with showing the students animal hides that were on loan from Paulding Soil and Water Conservation District.
Wm. Bruce Clevenger
Agriculture & Natural Resources
4-H Youth Development